Eicosapentaenoic acid inhibits PDGF-induced mitogenesis and cyclin D1 expression via TGF-β in mesangial cells

Mariko Hida, Hisayo Fujita, Kenji Ishikura, Sayu Omori, Makiko Hoshiya, Midori Awazu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), an ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid derived from fish oil, is efficacious in glomerular diseases where mesangial proliferation is a key event. We examined the mechanisms of action of EPA on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-stimulated rat mesangial cell mitogenesis. EPA dose-dependently inhibited PDGF-stimulated [3H]-thymidine incorporation. PDGF-induced PDGF receptor autophosphorylation, an initial event for PDGF signaling, was not affected by 2 μg/ml EPA. Similarly, PDGF-stimulated activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) was not altered. On the other hand, EPA inhibited cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) activation and cyclin D1 protein induction, a critical step for G1/S progression. TGF-β secretion assessed by ELISA and bioassay was increased by EPA at 18 h. Coincubation with anti-TGF-β antibody inhibited the EPA-induced suppression of [3H]-thymidine incorporation and cyclin D1 expression. SB203580, an inhibitor of p38, a downstream kinase of TGF-β, did not affect EPA's growth inhibitory effect. These results demonstrate that EPA inhibits PDGF-stimulated mesangial cell mitogenesis and cyclin D1 expression via TGF-β.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-300
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume196
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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