Background: Plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is implicated in abdominal aorta (AA) and aortic dissection (AD); however, its role in the pathogenesis of AA and AD, a disease with a high mortality rate, is unknown. The existing animal models such as apolipoprotein E-deficient (Apoe -/- ) mice cannot reproduce all the conditions of AA/AD, including elevated LDL-cholesterol levels and spontaneous atheroma formation; therefore, a more reliable in vivo model is required. Here, we analyzed angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced mice with combined deficiency of the LDL receptor and the catalytic component of the apolipoprotein B-edisome complex (Ldlr -/- /Apobec1 -/- [WKO]) to understand AA formation and AD occurrence in relation to plasma lipid composition. Methods: AAs and ADs were created in 18- to 22- week-old male Apoe -/- and Ldlr -/- /Apobec1 -/- mice by Ang II infusion. Immunostaining allowed assessment of smooth muscle cells and mural monocytes/macrophages. Results: Ldlr -/- /Apobec1 -/- mice had elevated LDL-cholesterol levels characteristic for human type IIa hyperlipidemia, resulting in atherogenesis, which promoted mortality, AA formation, and AD development. Interestingly, variations in the distribution of atheromas and inflammatory sites between Apoe -/- and Ldlr -/- /Apobec1 -/- mice depending on lipid profiles resulted in differences in AA formation and AD occurrence in the thoracic aorta. Conclusions: Our results indicate the presence of a pathogenic pathway involving serum lipid composition that plays a key role in AA formation and AD occurrence in Ang II-induced mice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine