Elevated serum creatine kinase predicts first-ever myocardial infarction: A 12-year population-based cohort study in Japan, the Suita study

Makoto Watanabe, Tomonori Okamura, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Aya Higashiyama, Akira Okayama

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Background: In myocardial infarction (MI), it is well known that serum creatine kinase (s-CK) increases after onset, but it is unclear whether s-CK elevates before MI onset. The present analysis examined whether elevated s-CK levels predicted first-ever MI or stroke. Methods: This study was a population-based cohort study in a Japanese urban area. Study subjects were comprised of 5026 initially healthy Japanese (2370 men and 2656 women, mean age: 54.5 years) without a history of MI or stroke. They were followed-up for 11.8 years on average, and 103 MIs (definite: 45; probable: 58) and 168 strokes (definite: 126; probable: 42) were observed. There was no subject who developed MI just at baseline (the follow-up period among those with definite MI was, at earliest, 0.20 years). Results: The adjusted hazard ratio for definite MI was 4.18 (95% confidence interval 1.66-10.53) with s-CK levels of ≥200 IU/l, compared with the reference category (s-CK levels of ≤99 IU/l), whereas no relationship was observed between s-CK levels and the risk for stroke. With regard to definite MI, an interaction between s-CK levels and dyslipidaemia was observed. Among subjects with hypercholesterolaemia, the hazard ratio linearly elevated with increased s-CK levels. On the other hand, no linear elevation was observed among subjects without hypercholesterolaemia (P for interaction = 0.011). Conclusions: The present study suggested that screening for elevated s-CK levels in initially healthy Japanese subjects was useful to predict first-ever MI in the future, especially in subjects with dyslipidaemia. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdyp212
Pages (from-to)1571-1579
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 25



  • Cohort studies
  • Creatine kinase
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Stroke
  • Urban population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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