Eleven-year clinical outcome of schizophrenia in Bali

Toshiyuki Kurihara, M. Kato, R. Reverger, I. G R Tirta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To contrast the short-term and long-term outcome of schizophrenia in Bali. Method: The clinical outcomes of 46 schizophrenic patients (DSM-IV-TR) consecutively admitted to Bangli Mental Hospital were evaluated by Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Eguma's Social Adjustment Scale (ESAS) at a 11-year follow-up, which was subsequent to a 5-year follow-up. Results: Neither the PANSS score nor the ESAS score were significantly different, and there was a significant correlation between the two follow-up data. Subjects categorized into either the best or worst outcome group at the 5-year follow-up tended to be classified into the same category at the 11-year follow-up more often than those who were categorized into the medium outcome groups at the 5-year follow-up. Conclusion: The 5-year outcome of schizophrenia strongly predicted the 11-year outcome, especially for subjects who had gone into either a remissive or severe deterioration state within 5 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-462
Number of pages7
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume112
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec

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Social Adjustment
Schizophrenia
Psychiatric Hospitals
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Keywords

  • Developing countries
  • Follow-up studies
  • Outcome assessment
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Eleven-year clinical outcome of schizophrenia in Bali. / Kurihara, Toshiyuki; Kato, M.; Reverger, R.; Tirta, I. G R.

In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 112, No. 6, 12.2005, p. 456-462.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kurihara, T, Kato, M, Reverger, R & Tirta, IGR 2005, 'Eleven-year clinical outcome of schizophrenia in Bali', Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 456-462. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2005.00604.x
Kurihara, Toshiyuki ; Kato, M. ; Reverger, R. ; Tirta, I. G R. / Eleven-year clinical outcome of schizophrenia in Bali. In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2005 ; Vol. 112, No. 6. pp. 456-462.
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