Elucidating effects of short wavelength light on the body using biological signals

Ryohei Miyazawa, Kasumi Sasai, Masahiko Ayaki, Yasue Mitsukura

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This study aimed to clarify the influence on the body caused by the light stimulation of short wavelength light being transmitted to the hypothalamus in the brain through the retinal hypothalamic tract. And the brain waves of the prefrontal cortex reflecting the function of the hypothalamus and melatonin secretion are compared at the time of receiving short wavelength light and at the time of blocking short wavelength light. Short wavelength light refers to light of blue component with a wavelength of 380-495 nm. This component is often contained in the light from the screen of the electronic device and the light of the LED lighting. In recent years, the opportunity for exposure to short wavelength light has increased due to the increase in usage time of electronic devices and the spread of LED lighting. However, it is said that short wavelength light affects the control of the biological rhythm of the day. This is because the absorption band of photoreceptors involved in the biological clock is equal to the wavelength band of short wavelength light. The nighttime light response of this photoreceptor has been confirmed to suppress the secretion of the sleepiness hormone melatonin and the accompanying decrease in sleepiness, but the light response during time zones other than nighttime and the effect on the brain other than sleepiness due to it is unknown. We compared brain wave and the amount of melatonin secretion in the case of receiving light from tablet terminal which contains a lot of short wavelength light components directly and receiving light through glasses which shields short wavelength light. And We elucidated the effects of short wavelength light on the body by detecting differences. As a result of electroencephalogram analysis, it was revealed that the power spectrum of \boldsymbol{\beta} and \boldsymbol{\beta}/\boldsymbol{\alpha} bands in the morning and \boldsymbol{\delta} band in the night decreased by the reception of short wavelength light. In addition, the results of melatonin secretion suggested that the short wavelength light suppressed melatonin production, so that morning light reception reduced stress and night light reception decreased sleepiness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Subtitle of host publicationIECON 2019 - 45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages5376-53814
Number of pages48439
ISBN (Electronic)9781728148786
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct
Event45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2019 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 2019 Oct 142019 Oct 17

Publication series

NameIECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference)
Volume2019-October

Conference

Conference45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2019
CountryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period19/10/1419/10/17

Keywords

  • Eeg
  • Melatonin
  • Short wavelength light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Miyazawa, R., Sasai, K., Ayaki, M., & Mitsukura, Y. (2019). Elucidating effects of short wavelength light on the body using biological signals. In Proceedings: IECON 2019 - 45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (pp. 5376-53814). [8927036] (IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference); Vol. 2019-October). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2019.8927036