Embedding and immobilizing protein molecules into two-dimensional protein arrays for single-molecule imaging by tapping mode atomic force microscopy

Taiji Furuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soluble proteins, ferritin and catalase, were imaged as single molecules by tapping mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) in water. They were isolated and immobilized in two-dimensional (2D) arrays of smaller proteins: ferritin was embedded in 2D arrays of catalase, and catalase was embedded in streptavidin arrays. In the preparation of each sample, two kinds of proteins were dissolved simultaneously in a buffer solution, and were bound to a surface film of polypeptide spread at the air/buffer interface. The protein-bound film was transferred onto a hydrophobic surface of silicon wafer. The isolated molecules of ferritin and catalase protruded halfway from the surface of 2D arrays of majority constituents. The lateral dimensions of these molecules were of convolution with the cantilever tip with the end radius of approximately 3 nm. The characteristic shape or size of ferritin and catalase has been well captured as single molecules. This paper demonstrates that embedding protein molecules into protein arrays is a useful means for immobilizing proteins for single-molecule imaging by AFM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6435-6440
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Volume39
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Nov

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embedding
catalase
Atomic force microscopy
atomic force microscopy
proteins
Proteins
Imaging techniques
Molecules
molecules
buffers
Polypeptides
polypeptides
Silicon wafers
Convolution
convolution integrals
wafers
preparation
radii
air
silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "Soluble proteins, ferritin and catalase, were imaged as single molecules by tapping mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) in water. They were isolated and immobilized in two-dimensional (2D) arrays of smaller proteins: ferritin was embedded in 2D arrays of catalase, and catalase was embedded in streptavidin arrays. In the preparation of each sample, two kinds of proteins were dissolved simultaneously in a buffer solution, and were bound to a surface film of polypeptide spread at the air/buffer interface. The protein-bound film was transferred onto a hydrophobic surface of silicon wafer. The isolated molecules of ferritin and catalase protruded halfway from the surface of 2D arrays of majority constituents. The lateral dimensions of these molecules were of convolution with the cantilever tip with the end radius of approximately 3 nm. The characteristic shape or size of ferritin and catalase has been well captured as single molecules. This paper demonstrates that embedding protein molecules into protein arrays is a useful means for immobilizing proteins for single-molecule imaging by AFM.",
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