Aims: We aimed to clarify the endoscopic/clinicopathological features of superficial non-ampullary duodenal epithelial tumors (SNADETs) based on their mucin phenotypes. Methods: We analyzed 62 SNADET lesions and classified them based on mucin phenotypic expression. Endoscopic and clinicopathological findings were compared according to mucin phenotypes. Results: Eleven lesions had the gastric phenotype (GP) and 43 lesions had the intestinal phenotype (IP). All GP lesions were located in the first portion of the duodenum, while most IP lesions (72.1%) were located in the second portion (p < 0.01). Tumor size was significantly larger in the GP than in the IP group (14.4 mm vs. 10.2 mm, p < 0.05). Reddish color (72.7% in GP vs. 37.2% in IP, p < 0.05), type 0-I (72.7% vs. 11.6%, p < 0.01), lobular/granular pattern (81.8% vs. 4.7%, p < 0.01), and category 4/5 in Vienna classification (81.8% vs. 30.2%, p < 0.01) were observed significantly more often in the GP than in the IP group. Regarding findings of magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (M-NBI), white opaque substance (22.2% in GP vs. 89.7% in IP, p < 0.01) and light blue crest (0% vs. 43.6%, p < 0.05) were significantly less frequently observed in the GP group. Oval-shaped marginal epithelium (66.7% vs. 17.9%, p < 0.01), dense pattern (55.6% vs. 2.6%, p < 0.01), and dilatation of the intervening part (100% vs. 12.8%, p < 0.01) were more frequently observed in the GP group. Conclusions: SNADETs showed distinct endoscopic/clinicopathological features according to the mucin phenotype. Tumor location, coloration, macroscopic type, and endoscopic findings including M-NBI are useful to distinguish the mucin phenotypes of SNADETs.
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