Engrafted Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells Promote Functional Recovery through Synapse Reorganization with Spared Host Neurons after Spinal Cord Injury

Kazuya Yokota, Kazu Kobayakawa, Kensuke Kubota, Atsushi Miyawaki, Hideyuki Okano, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Yukihide Iwamoto, Seiji Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neural stem/progenitor cell (NSPC) transplantation is a promising therapeutic strategy for spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the efficacy of NSPC transplantation on severe SCI is poorly understood. We herein show that NSPC transplantation promotes functional recovery after mild and moderate SCI, but not after severe SCI. In severe SCI mice, there were few remaining host neurons within the range of NSPC engraftment; thus, we examined whether the co-distribution of transplant and host is a contributory factor for functional improvement. A cellular selective analysis using laser microdissection revealed that drug-induced host neuronal ablation considerably decreased the synaptogenic potential of the engrafted NSPCs. Furthermore, following host neuronal ablation, neuronal retrograde tracing showed less propriospinal relay connections bridging the lesion after NSPC transplantation. Our findings suggest that the interactive synaptic reorganization between engrafted NSPCs and spared host neurons is crucial for functional recovery, providing significant insight for establishing therapeutic strategies for severe SCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-277
Number of pages14
JournalStem Cell Reports
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Neural Stem Cells
Stem cells
Spinal Cord Injuries
Synapses
Neurons
Stem Cells
Stem Cell Transplantation
Recovery
Ablation
Microdissection
Transplants
Lasers
Therapeutics
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Engrafted Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells Promote Functional Recovery through Synapse Reorganization with Spared Host Neurons after Spinal Cord Injury. / Yokota, Kazuya; Kobayakawa, Kazu; Kubota, Kensuke; Miyawaki, Atsushi; Okano, Hideyuki; Ohkawa, Yasuyuki; Iwamoto, Yukihide; Okada, Seiji.

In: Stem Cell Reports, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2015, p. 264-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yokota, Kazuya ; Kobayakawa, Kazu ; Kubota, Kensuke ; Miyawaki, Atsushi ; Okano, Hideyuki ; Ohkawa, Yasuyuki ; Iwamoto, Yukihide ; Okada, Seiji. / Engrafted Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells Promote Functional Recovery through Synapse Reorganization with Spared Host Neurons after Spinal Cord Injury. In: Stem Cell Reports. 2015 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 264-277.
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