Enhanced gap junction intercellular communication inhibits catabolic and pro-inflammatory responses in tenocytes against heat stress

Eijiro Maeda, Shunsuke Kimura, Masahiko Yamada, Masataka Tashiro, Toshiro Ohashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elevation of tendon core temperature during severe activity is well known. However, its effects on tenocyte function have not been studied in detail. The present study tested a hypothesis that heat stimulation upregulates tenocyte catabolism, which can be modulated by the inhibition or the enhancement of gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC). Tenocytes isolated from rabbit Achilles tendons were subjected to heat stimulation at 37 °C, 41 °C or 43 °C for 30 min, and changes in cell viability, gene expressions and GJIC were examined. It was found that GJIC exhibited no changes by the stimulation even at 43 °C, but cell viability was decreased and catabolic and proinflammatory gene expressions were upregulated. Inhibition of GJIC demonstrated further upregulated catabolic and proinflammatory gene expressions. In contrast, enhanced GJIC, resulting from forced upregulation of connexin 43 gene, counteracted the heat-induced upregulation of catabolic and proinflammatory genes. These findings suggest that the temperature rise in tendon core could upregulate catabolic and proinflammatory activities, potentially leading to the onset of tendinopathy, and such upregulations could be suppressed by the enhancement of GJIC. Therefore, to prevent tendon injury at an early stage from becoming chronic injury, tendon core temperature and GJIC could be targets for post-activity treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-380
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • FLIP
  • Gap junction
  • Heat stimulation
  • Intercellular communication
  • Tendinopathy
  • Tenocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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