Enhanced susceptibility of HLA-mediated ticlopidine-induced idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity by CYP2B6 polymorphism in Japanese

Noritaka Ariyoshi, Yukako Iga, Koji Hirata, Yasunori Sato, Go Miura, Itsuko Ishii, Seiji Nagamori, Mitsukazu Kitada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hepatotoxicity is the most frequent adverse drug reaction (ADR) in Japanese treated with ticlopidine (TP). We investigated the relationship between CYP2B6 haplotype and incidence of TP-induced hepatotoxicity in 114 Japanese patients. Although 4 haplotypes (*1A, *1H, *1J and *6B) accounted for more than 80z of the inferred haplotypes in both control (n=81) and case (n=22) subjects, the prevalence was apparently different: control, *1AA>*6BA>*1HA>*1J and case, *1JA>*1HA>*1AA>*6B. The reporter gene assay for the two SNPs, which comprise the *1H or *1J haplotype, suggested that the *1H and *1J haplotypes may be associated with the increased expression of CYP2B6, probably due to g.-2320TÀC. Combination analysis of CYP2B6 and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotypes revealed that individuals possessing CYP2B6*1H or *1J with HLA-A*3303 have the highest susceptibility to TP-induced hepatotoxicity (odds ratio, 38.82;95zCI, 8.08-196.0, Po0.001). Although this is a preliminary case-control study with some limitations, it is the first example that HLA-induced idiosyncratic ADR may be modified by individual variation in CYP activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-306
Number of pages9
JournalDrug Metabolism And Pharmacokinetics
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CYP2B6
  • HLA
  • Haplotype
  • Interethnic difference
  • Metabolic activation
  • Ticlopidine-induced hepatotoxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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