Enhanced susceptibility to cortical spreading depression in two types of Na+,K+-ATPase α2 subunit-deficient mice as a model of familial hemiplegic migraine 2

Miyuki Unekawa, Keiko Ikeda, Yutaka Tomita, Kiyoshi Kawakami, Norihiro Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Patients with familial hemiplegic migraine type 2 (FHM2) have a mutated ATP1A2 gene (encoding Na+,K+-ATPase α2 subunit) and show prolonged migraine aura. Cortical spreading depression (CSD), which involves mass depolarization of neurons and astrocytes that propagates slowly through the gray matter, is profoundly related to aura. Methods: In two types of Atp1a2-defective heterozygous mice, Atp1a2tm1Kwk (C-KO) and Atp1a2tm2Kwk (N-KO), the sensitivity and responsiveness to CSD were examined under urethane anesthesia. Results: In both cases, heterozygotes exhibited a low threshold for induction of CSD, faster propagation rate, slower recovery from DC deflection, and profound suppression of the electroencephalogram, compared to wild-type mice. A high dose of KCl elicited repeated CSDs for a longer period, with a tendency for a greater frequency of CSD occurrence in heterozygotes. The difference of every endpoint was slightly greater in N-KO than C-KO. Change of regional cerebral blood flow in response to CSD showed no significant difference. Conclusion: Heterozygotes of Atp1a2-defective mice simulating FHM2 demonstrated high susceptibility to CSD rather than cortical vasoreactivity, and these effects may differ depending upon the knockout strategy for the gene disruption. These results suggest that patients with FHM2 may exhibit high susceptibility to CSD, resulting in migraine.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCephalalgia
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017 Jan 1

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Cortical Spreading Depression
Heterozygote
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Migraine with Aura
Gene Knockout Techniques
Urethane
Regional Blood Flow
Familial type 2 Hemiplegic migraine
sodium-translocating ATPase
Migraine Disorders
Astrocytes
Electroencephalography
Epilepsy
Anesthesia
Neurons

Keywords

  • Atp1a2
  • cortical spreading depression
  • familial hemiplegic migraine 2
  • K-ATPase α2 subunit
  • Na

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Enhanced susceptibility to cortical spreading depression in two types of Na+,K+-ATPase α2 subunit-deficient mice as a model of familial hemiplegic migraine 2. / Unekawa, Miyuki; Ikeda, Keiko; Tomita, Yutaka; Kawakami, Kiyoshi; Suzuki, Norihiro.

In: Cephalalgia, 01.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Patients with familial hemiplegic migraine type 2 (FHM2) have a mutated ATP1A2 gene (encoding Na+,K+-ATPase α2 subunit) and show prolonged migraine aura. Cortical spreading depression (CSD), which involves mass depolarization of neurons and astrocytes that propagates slowly through the gray matter, is profoundly related to aura. Methods: In two types of Atp1a2-defective heterozygous mice, Atp1a2tm1Kwk (C-KO) and Atp1a2tm2Kwk (N-KO), the sensitivity and responsiveness to CSD were examined under urethane anesthesia. Results: In both cases, heterozygotes exhibited a low threshold for induction of CSD, faster propagation rate, slower recovery from DC deflection, and profound suppression of the electroencephalogram, compared to wild-type mice. A high dose of KCl elicited repeated CSDs for a longer period, with a tendency for a greater frequency of CSD occurrence in heterozygotes. The difference of every endpoint was slightly greater in N-KO than C-KO. Change of regional cerebral blood flow in response to CSD showed no significant difference. Conclusion: Heterozygotes of Atp1a2-defective mice simulating FHM2 demonstrated high susceptibility to CSD rather than cortical vasoreactivity, and these effects may differ depending upon the knockout strategy for the gene disruption. These results suggest that patients with FHM2 may exhibit high susceptibility to CSD, resulting in migraine.",
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N2 - Background: Patients with familial hemiplegic migraine type 2 (FHM2) have a mutated ATP1A2 gene (encoding Na+,K+-ATPase α2 subunit) and show prolonged migraine aura. Cortical spreading depression (CSD), which involves mass depolarization of neurons and astrocytes that propagates slowly through the gray matter, is profoundly related to aura. Methods: In two types of Atp1a2-defective heterozygous mice, Atp1a2tm1Kwk (C-KO) and Atp1a2tm2Kwk (N-KO), the sensitivity and responsiveness to CSD were examined under urethane anesthesia. Results: In both cases, heterozygotes exhibited a low threshold for induction of CSD, faster propagation rate, slower recovery from DC deflection, and profound suppression of the electroencephalogram, compared to wild-type mice. A high dose of KCl elicited repeated CSDs for a longer period, with a tendency for a greater frequency of CSD occurrence in heterozygotes. The difference of every endpoint was slightly greater in N-KO than C-KO. Change of regional cerebral blood flow in response to CSD showed no significant difference. Conclusion: Heterozygotes of Atp1a2-defective mice simulating FHM2 demonstrated high susceptibility to CSD rather than cortical vasoreactivity, and these effects may differ depending upon the knockout strategy for the gene disruption. These results suggest that patients with FHM2 may exhibit high susceptibility to CSD, resulting in migraine.

AB - Background: Patients with familial hemiplegic migraine type 2 (FHM2) have a mutated ATP1A2 gene (encoding Na+,K+-ATPase α2 subunit) and show prolonged migraine aura. Cortical spreading depression (CSD), which involves mass depolarization of neurons and astrocytes that propagates slowly through the gray matter, is profoundly related to aura. Methods: In two types of Atp1a2-defective heterozygous mice, Atp1a2tm1Kwk (C-KO) and Atp1a2tm2Kwk (N-KO), the sensitivity and responsiveness to CSD were examined under urethane anesthesia. Results: In both cases, heterozygotes exhibited a low threshold for induction of CSD, faster propagation rate, slower recovery from DC deflection, and profound suppression of the electroencephalogram, compared to wild-type mice. A high dose of KCl elicited repeated CSDs for a longer period, with a tendency for a greater frequency of CSD occurrence in heterozygotes. The difference of every endpoint was slightly greater in N-KO than C-KO. Change of regional cerebral blood flow in response to CSD showed no significant difference. Conclusion: Heterozygotes of Atp1a2-defective mice simulating FHM2 demonstrated high susceptibility to CSD rather than cortical vasoreactivity, and these effects may differ depending upon the knockout strategy for the gene disruption. These results suggest that patients with FHM2 may exhibit high susceptibility to CSD, resulting in migraine.

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