Enhancing Farmer's resilience toward droughts: Perspective from northwestern region of Bangladesh

Umma Habiba, Rajib Shaw, Yukiko Takeuchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Bangladesh, an agro based country that experiences drought more in recent years than earlier decades. Particularly, the northwest part of Bangladesh is severe drought-prone area than other parts of country because of high rainfall variability. The average annual rainfall of this area is 1,329 mm whereas the country's average annual rainfall is 2,300 mm. This rainfall shortage accompanied with high temperature hastens drought severity of northwest region. As a consequence of drought, agriculture is badly affected that has significant impact on farmer's livelihood. Farmers of this region performed various adaptation measures to cope with this insidious disaster by their own efforts along with institutional supports. But, these efforts and supports are not sufficient enough for farmers to endure towards drought. Therefore, this study assessed drought resilience through SIP approach (socio-economic, institutional and physical) at institutional level and also measured drought resilience at farmer's level. This study also tries to develop drought adaptation action policies for increasing farmers' resilience towards drought. To facilitate successful implementation of these actions, farmers' level has been categorized into individual and family level as well as community level. At individual and family level, results reveal that crop diversification; mango cultivation and extension worker's role could significantly increase farmers' resilience. On the other hand, establishment of mango orchard, vegetable gardening and community health care service would be helpful for community level to enhance drought resilience. Important policy message from this study suggested that justification of these actions through GO, research institutes and other relevant organizations will facilitate to develop the suitable drought adaptation action policy for this region. Accordingly, it would be effective for farmers as well as communities of this region to sustain their livelihood against droughts by practicing these actions from national to local level.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th International Disaster and Risk Conference
Subtitle of host publicationIntegrative Risk Management in a Changing World - Pathways to a Resilient Society, IDRC Davos 2012
PublisherGlobal Risk Forum (GRF)
Pages278-281
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event4th International Disaster and Risk Conference: Integrative Risk Management in a Changing World - Pathways to a Resilient Society, IDRC Davos 2012 - Davos, Switzerland
Duration: 2012 Aug 262012 Aug 30

Other

Other4th International Disaster and Risk Conference: Integrative Risk Management in a Changing World - Pathways to a Resilient Society, IDRC Davos 2012
CountrySwitzerland
CityDavos
Period12/8/2612/8/30

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Keywords

  • Drought
  • Farmers
  • Northwestern Bangladesh
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Habiba, U., Shaw, R., & Takeuchi, Y. (2012). Enhancing Farmer's resilience toward droughts: Perspective from northwestern region of Bangladesh. In Proceedings of the 4th International Disaster and Risk Conference: Integrative Risk Management in a Changing World - Pathways to a Resilient Society, IDRC Davos 2012 (pp. 278-281). Global Risk Forum (GRF).