Environmental protection and urban unemployment: Environmental policy reform in a polluted dualistic economy

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper explores sufficient conditions for the welfare-improving environmental policy reform in the Harris-Todaro economy. A rise in the pollution tax rate in the urban manufacturing has spillover effects on the two labor market distortions: the less-than-optimal manufacturing employment and the urban unemployment. If both are weakened the welfare improves. Otherwise, we need to develop an alternative sufficient condition. It is shown that there exists a range of welfare-improving pollution tax rates, and that it corresponds to the lower values of tax rate. This range may shrink by the wage subsidy policy and the technological change toward less pollution-intensive techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-509
Number of pages14
JournalReview of Development Economics
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development

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