Enzymatic decarboxylation-An emerging reaction for chemicals production from renewable resources

Robert Kourist, Jan Karl Guterl, Kenji Miyamoto, Volker Sieber

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

30 Citations (Scopus)


Decarboxylases are very useful tools for the defunctionalization of organic molecules under very mild reaction conditions. They have been applied for the synthesis of alcohols, carboxylic acids, diamines, terminal olefins, and other important chemicals. Moreover, several decarboxylases catalyze the fixation of carbon dioxide, which makes them promising catalysts for the utilization of this resource. Interestingly, several decarboxylases show promiscuous activities such as enzymatic racemization and stereoselective hydration. Despite this very high synthetic potential, large-scale processes are still rare and are mostly limited to fermentative approaches or to small-volume products. This Minireview gives an overview of the several recent, very promising applications both for the synthesis of high-value fine chemicals and biogenic bulk products and summarizes chances and limitations of this emerging class of biocatalysts. Defunct(ionalizing) organics: Enzymatic decarboxylation is an emerging tool for the defunctionalization of organic molecules. Recent applications span from the synthesis of high-value fine chemicals to the preparation of bio-based commodities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-701
Number of pages13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 1



  • biocatalysis
  • biotechnology
  • carbon dioxide
  • enzyme catalysis
  • green chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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