Epidemiological survey of acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss

Hiroaki Sato, Shigeru Kuwashima, Shin Ya Nishio, Ryosuke Kitoh, Satoshi Fukuda, Akira Hara, Naohito Hato, Tetsuo Ikezono, Kotaro Ishikawa, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kimitaka Kaga, Atsushi Matsubara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Takaaki Murata, Yasushi Naito, Takashi Nakagawa, Kazunori Nishizaki, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Kaoru Ogawa, Hajime SanoMichihiko Sone, Hideo Shojaku, Haruo Takahashi, Testuya Tono, Hiroshi Yamashita, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shin Ichi Usami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: A nationwide epidemiological survey involving 23 hospitals in Japan was conducted and the predictive values of demographic data were examined statistically. Methods: A total of 642 patients from 23 hospitals, including 20 university hospitals, in Japan were enrolled in the study. Age ranged from 8 to 87 years, and all were diagnosed with acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss (ALHL) between 1994 and 2016. Demographic data for the patients, such as symptoms, gender, mean age, and distribution of ALHL grading, were collected and analyzed in relation to prognosis using Student’s t-test, χ 2 test and logistic regression. Results: Female gender (p <.013), younger age (p <.001), low-grade hearing loss (p <.001), and shorter interval between onset and initial visit (p <.004) were significantly predictive of a good prognosis. The prognosis for definite ALHL was significantly better than that for probable ALHL (p <.007). Conclusions: The severity of initial hearing loss, interval between onset and initial visit and age were important prognostic indicators for ALHL, while female gender was an important prognostic indicator peculiar to ALHL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S34-S37
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Volume137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 10

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss
  • nationwide survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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    Sato, H., Kuwashima, S., Nishio, S. Y., Kitoh, R., Fukuda, S., Hara, A., Hato, N., Ikezono, T., Ishikawa, K., Iwasaki, S., Kaga, K., Matsubara, A., Matsunaga, T., Murata, T., Naito, Y., Nakagawa, T., Nishizaki, K., Noguchi, Y., Ogawa, K., ... Usami, S. I. (2017). Epidemiological survey of acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss. Acta Oto-Laryngologica, 137, S34-S37. https://doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2017.1297538