Epidemiology of hypertension in children

Midori Awazu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypertension (HTN) is a significant global health issue. It is the major risk factor for atherosclerosis leading to the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is increasing evidence that HTN has its antecedents during childhood and that atherosclerosis is already present in adolescents. Thus, early detection and intervention are crucial. HTN is also a risk factor for the progression to end-stage renal disease, a topic extremely relevant to pediatric nephrologists. While younger children are more likely to have secondary HTN, the prevalence of primary HTN is increasing among school children and adolescents due to an epidemic of obesity. To identify children with HTN, clinicians should know normative values of blood pressure (BP) as well as the definition of HTN. Prevalence of HTN, factors influencing BP, and sequelae of childhood HTN will also be reviewed in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPediatric Nephrology, Seventh Edition
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages1907-1950
Number of pages44
ISBN (Print)9783662435960, 9783662435953
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Epidemiology
Hypertension
Atherosclerosis
Blood Pressure
Chronic Kidney Failure
Cardiovascular Diseases
Obesity
Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Awazu, M. (2015). Epidemiology of hypertension in children. In Pediatric Nephrology, Seventh Edition (pp. 1907-1950). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43596-0_54

Epidemiology of hypertension in children. / Awazu, Midori.

Pediatric Nephrology, Seventh Edition. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015. p. 1907-1950.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Awazu, M 2015, Epidemiology of hypertension in children. in Pediatric Nephrology, Seventh Edition. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 1907-1950. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43596-0_54
Awazu M. Epidemiology of hypertension in children. In Pediatric Nephrology, Seventh Edition. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 2015. p. 1907-1950 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43596-0_54
Awazu, Midori. / Epidemiology of hypertension in children. Pediatric Nephrology, Seventh Edition. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015. pp. 1907-1950
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