Epigenetic activation of tumor suppressor microRNAs in human cancer cells

Yoshimasa Saito, Peter A. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

221 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that function as endogenous posttranscriptional silencers of target genes. miRNAs are expressed in a tissue specific manner and play important roles in cell proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation during animal development. Recent studies have shown a distinct connection between aberrant expression of miRNAs and the development of cancer, suggesting that miRNAs can be potential therapeutic targets. Our recent study has shown that some miRNAs are controlled by epigenetic alterations such as DNA methylation and histone modification in human cancer cells. Activation of tumor suppressor miRNAs by chromatin modifying drugs may cause downregulation of target oncogenes and could be a novel strategy for the prevention and treatment of human cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2220-2222
Number of pages3
JournalCell Cycle
Volume5
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Epigenetic therapy of cancer
  • Histone modification
  • MicroRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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