Epigenetic mechanisms in sequential differentiation of neural stem cells

Tsukasa Sanosaka, Masakazu Namihira, Kinichi Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The major cell types in the central nervous system, neurons and glial cells (astrocytes and oligodendrocytes), are generated from common neural stem cells (NSCs). However, neurogenesis precedes gliogenesis, which normally commences at later stages of fetal brain development. Recent studies have shown that epigenetic gene regulation, in concert with cues from outside the cells, plays important roles in regulating the differentiation potential and fate specification of NSCs. In this review, we discuss emerging molecular explanations for the transitions that occur during the stepwise process of NSC fate specification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-92
Number of pages4
JournalEpigenetics
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 16
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Neural Stem Cells
Epigenomics
Neurogenesis
Oligodendroglia
Fetal Development
Neuroglia
Astrocytes
Cues
Central Nervous System
Neurons
Brain
Genes

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Epigenetics
  • Neural stem cell
  • NFIA
  • Notch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Epigenetic mechanisms in sequential differentiation of neural stem cells. / Sanosaka, Tsukasa; Namihira, Masakazu; Nakashima, Kinichi.

In: Epigenetics, Vol. 4, No. 2, 16.02.2009, p. 89-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Sanosaka, Tsukasa ; Namihira, Masakazu ; Nakashima, Kinichi. / Epigenetic mechanisms in sequential differentiation of neural stem cells. In: Epigenetics. 2009 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 89-92.
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