Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney: Radiological imaging

Jitsuro Tsukada, Masahiro Jinzaki, Masahiro Yao, Yoji Nagashima, Shuji Mikami, Hideki Yashiro, Miwako Nozaki, Ryuichi Mizuno, Mototsugu Oya, Sachio Kuribayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To review the imaging findings of renal epithelioid angiomyolipomas. Methods: Eight patients treated at two institutions were pathologically diagnosed as having epithelioid angiomyolipoma. All of them underwent computed tomography, and four underwent magnetic resonance imaging. The tumor size, existence of fat, heterogeneity, computed tomography attenuation, degree of enhancement, enhancement pattern and magnetic resonance imaging signal intensity were evaluated. Results: Intratumoral fat was not detected in any of the cases. On unenhanced computed tomography, the intratumoral attenuation was hyperattenuating in six of the seven patients who were examined using this modality. On T2-weighted images, the signal intensity of the solid component, cyst wall or septum was low in three of the four cases. Four of the eight cases were heterogeneous solid-type accompanied by hemorrhage, necrosis or hyalinization. One homogeneous solid-type lesion was large in size and was pathologically accompanied by neither hemorrhage nor necrosis. All three multilocular cystic types were pathologically accompanied by massive hemorrhage in the cystic component. One was accompanied by spontaneous perirenal hematoma. Conclusions: The radiological appearance of most epithelioid angiomyolipomas has a tendency to be hyperattenuating on unenhanced computed tomography images, with low intensities on T2-weighted images. They can be heterogeneously solid, homogeneously solid or a multilocular cystic lesion with massive hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1105-1111
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 1

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Angiomyolipoma
  • Computed tomography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Renal neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this