ERP Responses to Violations in the Hierarchical Structure of Functional Categories in Japanese Verb Conjugation

Yuki Kobayashi, Yoko Sugioka, Takane Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An event-related potential experiment was conducted in order to investigate readers’ response to violations in the hierarchical structure of functional categories in Japanese, an agglutinative language where functional heads like Negation (Neg) as well as Tense (Tns) are realized as suffixes. A left-lateralized negativity followed by a P600 was elicited for the anomaly of attaching a Neg morpheme outside a Tns-marking suffix (i.e., syntactic violation of the form *[[V − Tns] − Neg]), while only P600 was observed for the anomalous form with a purely morphological/morpho-phonological violation, i.e., a Neg morpheme attached to ren’yo form instead of Neg-selecting form. The findings suggest that the syntactic structure involving Tns and Neg in Japanese, realized within a word as a sequence of suffixes, is processed in a similar manner to the syntactic structures that are phrasally realized in well-studied European languages like English.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Psycholinguistic Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Language
Evoked Potentials
English language
Head
event
experiment
language
benzoylprop-ethyl
Violations
Japanese Verbs
Hierarchical Structure
Negation
Functional Categories
Verb Conjugation
Tense
Syntactic Structure
Morpheme

Keywords

  • Agglutinative language
  • Functional category
  • Left-lateralized negativity
  • Syntactic violation
  • Verb conjugation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

ERP Responses to Violations in the Hierarchical Structure of Functional Categories in Japanese Verb Conjugation. / Kobayashi, Yuki; Sugioka, Yoko; Ito, Takane.

In: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 01.11.2017, p. 1-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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