Errorless and effortful processes involved in the learning of face-name associations by patients with alcoholic Korsakoff's syndrome

Shin Ichi Komatsu, Masaru Mimura, Motoichiro Kato, Naoki Wakamatsu, Haruo Kashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Experiment 1, Korsakoff patients were asked to learn fictitious face-name associations under each of four study conditions that differed from one another in the error and effort required to fulfil the task demands. Recall performance gradually improved over four training sessions and was affected by the error factor. The paired associate and the vanishing cues methods led to superior recall in comparison with the target selection and the initial letter methods, demonstrating an advantage of errorless learning. In contrast, the effort factor was found to have little effect. In Experiment 2, the effectiveness of the vanishing cues method was further examined over five additional training sessions. As indexed by a delayed test, the gradual acquisition of face-name associations was confirmed, but some patients consistently made no correct recall throughout the sessions. The roles of error and effort in the memory rehabilitation of amnesic patients are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-132
Number of pages20
JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Mar
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology

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