Establishment of a standardized post-embedding method for immunoelectron microscopy by applying heat-induced antigen retrieval

Shuji Yamashita, Osamu Katsumata, Yasunori Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed a new standardized method for the post-embedding immunoelectron microscopy using the same fixation, antigen retrieval and image contrasting procedures. Tissues were fixed with 4 formaldehyde containing 2.5 mM CaCl2, 1.25 mM MgCl2 in a 0.1 M 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-piperazineethanesulfonic acid (HEPES) buffer (pH 7.4) for 2 h and then with the same fixative composition in 0.1 M HEPES buffer (pH 8.5) overnight at room temperature. Vehicle osmolarity of fixatives was adjusted to 300-330 mOsm by adding glucose. The specimens were dehydrated with dimethylformamide on ice and embedded in LR-White resin. Ultrathin sections were heated in a 20 mM Tris-HCl buffer (pH 9.0) for 1-2 h at 95°C. After immuno-gold labeling, the sections were treated with 2 glutaraldehyde containing 0.05 tannic acid in a 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 5.5) for 5 min and with a 1 OsO40.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) for 5 min, and then they were double stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate. The standardized method yielded strong and reproducible immunoreactions for soluble, membrane-bound and filamentous proteins showing an excellent image contrast without destruction of the fine structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-279
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Electron Microscopy
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug

Fingerprint

Immunoelectron Microscopy
antigens
Antigens
embedding
retrieval
Microscopic examination
buffers
Hot Temperature
microscopy
Buffers
heat
Acids
Phosphates
Fixatives
acids
Dimethylformamide
phosphates
Formaldehyde
Labeling
Ice

Keywords

  • Electron staining
  • Heat-induced antigen retrieval
  • Immunoelectron microscopy
  • Post-embedding method
  • Tannic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Establishment of a standardized post-embedding method for immunoelectron microscopy by applying heat-induced antigen retrieval. / Yamashita, Shuji; Katsumata, Osamu; Okada, Yasunori.

In: Journal of Electron Microscopy, Vol. 58, No. 4, 08.2009, p. 267-279.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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