Estimating the effects of pronatal policies on residential choice and fertility

Ryo Nakajima, Ryuichi Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we estimate the impacts of local-government-sponsored pronatal policies on fertility by exploiting the geographical variation in policies across municipalities in Japan. We develop an empirical model that accommodates both the location and fertility choices of households to take into account their self-selected migration across municipalities. We estimate the model using microdata on households in metropolitan areas. The results suggest that self-selection may generate substantial upward bias in the estimated impacts of pronatal policies on fertility. We also find that some types of noncash benefit pronatal policies significantly increase the probability of births occurring in metropolitan households.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-200
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of the Japanese and International Economies
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

fertility
municipality
agglomeration area
Japan
migration
trend
Fertility
Household
Municipalities

Keywords

  • Family policies
  • Fertility
  • Residential location choice
  • Selection bias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Finance
  • Political Science and International Relations

Cite this

Estimating the effects of pronatal policies on residential choice and fertility. / Nakajima, Ryo; Tanaka, Ryuichi.

In: Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Vol. 34, 2014, p. 179-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8d93b5e34e5144ad9d69851de7a3f9bc,
title = "Estimating the effects of pronatal policies on residential choice and fertility",
abstract = "In this paper, we estimate the impacts of local-government-sponsored pronatal policies on fertility by exploiting the geographical variation in policies across municipalities in Japan. We develop an empirical model that accommodates both the location and fertility choices of households to take into account their self-selected migration across municipalities. We estimate the model using microdata on households in metropolitan areas. The results suggest that self-selection may generate substantial upward bias in the estimated impacts of pronatal policies on fertility. We also find that some types of noncash benefit pronatal policies significantly increase the probability of births occurring in metropolitan households.",
keywords = "Family policies, Fertility, Residential location choice, Selection bias",
author = "Ryo Nakajima and Ryuichi Tanaka",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.jjie.2014.07.001",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "179--200",
journal = "Journal of the Japanese and International Economies",
issn = "0889-1583",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimating the effects of pronatal policies on residential choice and fertility

AU - Nakajima, Ryo

AU - Tanaka, Ryuichi

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - In this paper, we estimate the impacts of local-government-sponsored pronatal policies on fertility by exploiting the geographical variation in policies across municipalities in Japan. We develop an empirical model that accommodates both the location and fertility choices of households to take into account their self-selected migration across municipalities. We estimate the model using microdata on households in metropolitan areas. The results suggest that self-selection may generate substantial upward bias in the estimated impacts of pronatal policies on fertility. We also find that some types of noncash benefit pronatal policies significantly increase the probability of births occurring in metropolitan households.

AB - In this paper, we estimate the impacts of local-government-sponsored pronatal policies on fertility by exploiting the geographical variation in policies across municipalities in Japan. We develop an empirical model that accommodates both the location and fertility choices of households to take into account their self-selected migration across municipalities. We estimate the model using microdata on households in metropolitan areas. The results suggest that self-selection may generate substantial upward bias in the estimated impacts of pronatal policies on fertility. We also find that some types of noncash benefit pronatal policies significantly increase the probability of births occurring in metropolitan households.

KW - Family policies

KW - Fertility

KW - Residential location choice

KW - Selection bias

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907312183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907312183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jjie.2014.07.001

DO - 10.1016/j.jjie.2014.07.001

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84907312183

VL - 34

SP - 179

EP - 200

JO - Journal of the Japanese and International Economies

JF - Journal of the Japanese and International Economies

SN - 0889-1583

ER -