Estimation of passive ankle joint moment during standing and walking

Tetsuro Muraoka, Tadashi Muramatsu, Daisuke Takeshita, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Tetsuo Fukunaga

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Abstract

This study estimated the passive ankle joint moment during standing and walking initiation and its contribution to total ankle joint moment during that time. The decrement of passive joint moment due to muscle fascicle shortening upon contraction was taken into account. Muscle fascicle length in the medial gastrocnemius, which was assumed to represent muscle fascicle length in plantarflexors, was measured using ultrasonography during standing, walking initiation, and cyclical slow passive ankle joint motion. Total ankle joint moment during standing and walking initiation was calculated from ground reaction forces and joint kinematics. Passive ankle joint moment during the cyclical ankle joint motion was measured via a dynamometer. Passive ankle joint moment during standing and at the time (Tp) when the MG muscle-tendon complex length was longest in the stance phase during walking initiation were 2.3 and 5.4 Nm, respectively. The muscle fascicle shortened by 2.9 mm during standing compared with the length at rest, which decreased the contribution of passive joint moment from 19.9% to 17.4%. The muscle fascicle shortened by 4.3 mm at Tp compared with the length at rest, which decreased the contribution of passive joint moment from 8.0% to 5.8%. These findings suggest that (a) passive ankle joint moment plays an important role during standing and walking initiation even in view of the decrement of passive joint moment due to muscle fascicle shortening upon muscle contraction, and (b) muscle fascicle shortening upon muscle contraction must be taken into account when estimating passive joint moment during movements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-84
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
Volume21
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Feb

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Keywords

  • Gastrocnemius
  • Muscle fascicle shortening
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Muraoka, T., Muramatsu, T., Takeshita, D., Kanehisa, H., & Fukunaga, T. (2005). Estimation of passive ankle joint moment during standing and walking. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 21(1), 72-84.