Estimation of Posture and Position Based on Geometric Calculation Using IMUs

Yumiko Murata, Toshiyuki Murakami

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In IMUs, three sensors, acceleration, gyroscope, and magnetic, are implemented. Data get from these sensors are used to acquire posture and position of each sensor. Theoretically, from a simple integration of an acceleration and an angular velocity, position and posture could be calculated. The IMU is applied to many fields due to its user friendly structure. Human motion detection is one of interesting applications. However, small error in the measured data are also integrated, hence position error and posture error, which is also called drift, occur. The purpose of this paper is to estimate position and posture using IMUs without human model. Two IMUs are used to estimate posture and position. For posture estimation, complementation of posture angle are done from an 'angular velocity' and a 'gravity acceleration'. For position estimation, complementation by relative relationship between 2 sensors has been proposed. This is the novel part of this paper. Two ways of position complementation algorithm are proposed. One method is complementation by Kalman Filter, and the other is complementation by error estimation. Error estimation is based on a theory of mode transfer between relative space and world space. The validation of proposed method is done by experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Subtitle of host publicationIECON 2019 - 45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages5388-5393
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728148786
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct
Event45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2019 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 2019 Oct 142019 Oct 17

Publication series

NameIECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference)
Volume2019-October

Conference

Conference45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2019
CountryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period19/10/1419/10/17

Keywords

  • complementary filter
  • drift
  • IMU
  • Kalman filter
  • mode transfer
  • position estimation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Murata, Y., & Murakami, T. (2019). Estimation of Posture and Position Based on Geometric Calculation Using IMUs. In Proceedings: IECON 2019 - 45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (pp. 5388-5393). [8927445] (IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference); Vol. 2019-October). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2019.8927445