Evaluating the nonadiabatic spin-transfer torque using coupled oscillation of magnetic vortices

Taisuke Horaguchi, Tomoki Tanazawa, Yukio Nozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper, we detect the coupled oscillation of magnetic vortices in Ni81Fe19 gourd-shaped thin films electrically to evaluate the nonadiabatic spin-transfer torque (STT) coefficient β, which is important for understanding a variety of STT-related phenomena. We excite a translational mode in coupled magnetic vortices by applying an alternating electrical current that causes both STT and Oersted field torque. Since the coupled oscillation modes due to the STT and Oersted field torque have totally different eigenfrequencies, the coupled oscillation spectrum can be used to evaluate β, which is generally difficult to distinguish from the Oersted field contributions. Based on the ratio between the amplitudes of the spectrum's Lorentzian and anti-Lorentzian components, the value of β is found to be 0.085±0.016, which is 4.3 times larger than the Gilbert damping constant α.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064421
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume98
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 23

Fingerprint

torque
Vortex flow
Torque
vortices
oscillations
Damping
damping
Thin films
causes
coefficients
thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Evaluating the nonadiabatic spin-transfer torque using coupled oscillation of magnetic vortices. / Horaguchi, Taisuke; Tanazawa, Tomoki; Nozaki, Yukio.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 98, No. 6, 064421, 23.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e074a9cfe24a448ab93107528f2c12c4,
title = "Evaluating the nonadiabatic spin-transfer torque using coupled oscillation of magnetic vortices",
abstract = "In this paper, we detect the coupled oscillation of magnetic vortices in Ni81Fe19 gourd-shaped thin films electrically to evaluate the nonadiabatic spin-transfer torque (STT) coefficient β, which is important for understanding a variety of STT-related phenomena. We excite a translational mode in coupled magnetic vortices by applying an alternating electrical current that causes both STT and Oersted field torque. Since the coupled oscillation modes due to the STT and Oersted field torque have totally different eigenfrequencies, the coupled oscillation spectrum can be used to evaluate β, which is generally difficult to distinguish from the Oersted field contributions. Based on the ratio between the amplitudes of the spectrum's Lorentzian and anti-Lorentzian components, the value of β is found to be 0.085±0.016, which is 4.3 times larger than the Gilbert damping constant α.",
author = "Taisuke Horaguchi and Tomoki Tanazawa and Yukio Nozaki",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevB.98.064421",
language = "English",
volume = "98",
journal = "Physical Review B-Condensed Matter",
issn = "2469-9950",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluating the nonadiabatic spin-transfer torque using coupled oscillation of magnetic vortices

AU - Horaguchi, Taisuke

AU - Tanazawa, Tomoki

AU - Nozaki, Yukio

PY - 2018/8/23

Y1 - 2018/8/23

N2 - In this paper, we detect the coupled oscillation of magnetic vortices in Ni81Fe19 gourd-shaped thin films electrically to evaluate the nonadiabatic spin-transfer torque (STT) coefficient β, which is important for understanding a variety of STT-related phenomena. We excite a translational mode in coupled magnetic vortices by applying an alternating electrical current that causes both STT and Oersted field torque. Since the coupled oscillation modes due to the STT and Oersted field torque have totally different eigenfrequencies, the coupled oscillation spectrum can be used to evaluate β, which is generally difficult to distinguish from the Oersted field contributions. Based on the ratio between the amplitudes of the spectrum's Lorentzian and anti-Lorentzian components, the value of β is found to be 0.085±0.016, which is 4.3 times larger than the Gilbert damping constant α.

AB - In this paper, we detect the coupled oscillation of magnetic vortices in Ni81Fe19 gourd-shaped thin films electrically to evaluate the nonadiabatic spin-transfer torque (STT) coefficient β, which is important for understanding a variety of STT-related phenomena. We excite a translational mode in coupled magnetic vortices by applying an alternating electrical current that causes both STT and Oersted field torque. Since the coupled oscillation modes due to the STT and Oersted field torque have totally different eigenfrequencies, the coupled oscillation spectrum can be used to evaluate β, which is generally difficult to distinguish from the Oersted field contributions. Based on the ratio between the amplitudes of the spectrum's Lorentzian and anti-Lorentzian components, the value of β is found to be 0.085±0.016, which is 4.3 times larger than the Gilbert damping constant α.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052805432&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052805432&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.98.064421

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.98.064421

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85052805432

VL - 98

JO - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

JF - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

SN - 2469-9950

IS - 6

M1 - 064421

ER -