Evaluation of a novel classification of heat-related illnesses: A multicentre observational study (heat stroke STUDY 2012)

Takahiro Yamamoto, Motoki Fujita, Yasutaka Oda, Masaki Todani, Toru Hifumi, Yutaka Kondo, Junya Shimazaki, Shinichiro Shiraishi, Kei Hayashida, Shoji Yokobori, Shuhei Takauji, Masahiro Wakasugi, Shunsuke Nakamura, Jun Kanda, Masaharu Yagi, Takashi Moriya, Takashi Kawahara, Michihiko Tonouchi, Hiroyuki Yokota, Yasufumi MiyakeKeiki Shimizu, Ryosuke Tsuruta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Japanese Association for Acute Medicine Committee recently proposed a novel classification system for the severity of heat-related illnesses. The illnesses are simply classified into three stages based on symptoms and management or treatment. Stages I, II, and III broadly correspond to heat cramp and syncope, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke, respectively. Our objective was to examine whether this novel severity classification is useful in the diagnosis by healthcare professionals of patients with severe heat-related illness and organ failure. A nationwide surveillance study of heat-related illnesses was conducted between 1 June and 30 September 2012, at emergency departments in Japan. Among the 2130 patientswho attended 102 emergency departments, the severity of their heat-related illness was recorded for 1799 patients, who were included in this study. In the patients with heat cramp and syncope or heat exhaustion (but not heat stroke), the blood test data (alanine aminotransferase, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and platelet counts) for those classified as Stage III were significantly higher than those of patients classified as Stage I or II. There were no deaths among the patients classified as Stage I. This novel classification may avoid underestimating the severity of heat-related illness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1962
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 6

Keywords

  • Heat cramp
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Heat stroke
  • Heat-related illness
  • International classification
  • Novel classification
  • Syncope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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    Yamamoto, T., Fujita, M., Oda, Y., Todani, M., Hifumi, T., Kondo, Y., Shimazaki, J., Shiraishi, S., Hayashida, K., Yokobori, S., Takauji, S., Wakasugi, M., Nakamura, S., Kanda, J., Yagi, M., Moriya, T., Kawahara, T., Tonouchi, M., Yokota, H., ... Tsuruta, R. (2018). Evaluation of a novel classification of heat-related illnesses: A multicentre observational study (heat stroke STUDY 2012). International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(9), [1962]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091962