We evaluated the usefulness of a rapid antigen detection assay for L7/L12 ribosomal protein (Ribotest Mycoplasma; Asahi Kasei Pharma) for diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) infection. Nasopharyngeal swabs were obtained from patients with pneumonia and/or bronchitis; real-time PCR and the L 7/L12 antigen assays were performed with each sample. Serum was also taken from each patient, and the particle agglutination (PA) method was used to detect anti-M. pneumoniae antibody in these samples. Macrolide-resistance genes were detected and M. pneumoniae P1 protein subtyping was performed on PCR-positive samples. PCR assays were positive for 85 of 212 specimens (40.1%). Sensitivity and specificity of the L7/L12 antigen assays relative to the PCR standard were 74.1% (63/85) and 81.1% (103/127), respectively. For PCR-positive specimens with a large quantity of M. pneumoniae nucleic acid, sensitivity of the L7/L12 antigen assays seemed to be high. In PCR-positive specimens with fewer than 1.0 x 10(6) copies/mL of M. pneumoniae nucleic acid, sensitivity of the L7/L12 antigen assays seemed to be low. When the PA method was used as the standard, the relative sensitivity and specificity of the L7/L12 antigen assays were 41.7% (5/12) and 75.3% (58/77), respectively, for single serum and 60.9% (14/23) and 85.7% (18/21), respectively, for paired sera. The macrolide-resistance gene A2063G was detected in 20 of the 30 tested PCR-positive specimens (66.7%). Of these 20 A2063G-positive specimens, 13 (65.0%) were positive for the L7/L12 antigen assays. Tne numbers of M. pneumoniae P1 subtypes were as follows: types I (22), IIa(2), IIc(1), and untypable (5). The L7/L12 antigen assays gave positive results for 17 of 21 (81.0%) subtype I, 1 of 2 (50.0%) IIa, and 1 of 1(100%) IIc specimens.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Kansenshōgaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 May 1|
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