Evaluation of electroosmotic velocity and zeta-potential in microchannel using submicron fluorescent particles

Mitsuhisa Ichiyanagi, Yohei Sato, Koichi Hishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measurements of electrophoretic and electroosmotic velocities were performed by using micron-resolution particle image velocimetry (micro-PIV) and submicron fluorescent particles. Electrophoretic velocity of particles was obtained by micro-PIV measurement in a closed cell, while electroosmotic velocity of buffer solution in a microchannel was calculated by subtracting electrophoretic verocity from observed velocity measured by micro-PIV. Both zeta-potential of particles and microchannel wall were obtained by using electrophoretic and electroosmotic velocities, respectively, which are increased with increasing pH of buffer solution, due to deprotonation. Transient process of zeta-potential at the wall surface in a T-shaped microchannel was detected by spatially-averaged electroosmotic velocities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2316-2323
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume71
Issue number709
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Sep

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Zeta potential
microchannels
Microchannels
evaluation
particle image velocimetry
Velocity measurement
buffers
Deprotonation
cells

Keywords

  • Deprotonation
  • Electroosmotic Flow
  • Electrophoresis
  • Micro-PIV
  • Submicron Fluorescent Particles
  • Zeta-Potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Measurements of electrophoretic and electroosmotic velocities were performed by using micron-resolution particle image velocimetry (micro-PIV) and submicron fluorescent particles. Electrophoretic velocity of particles was obtained by micro-PIV measurement in a closed cell, while electroosmotic velocity of buffer solution in a microchannel was calculated by subtracting electrophoretic verocity from observed velocity measured by micro-PIV. Both zeta-potential of particles and microchannel wall were obtained by using electrophoretic and electroosmotic velocities, respectively, which are increased with increasing pH of buffer solution, due to deprotonation. Transient process of zeta-potential at the wall surface in a T-shaped microchannel was detected by spatially-averaged electroosmotic velocities.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of electroosmotic velocity and zeta-potential in microchannel using submicron fluorescent particles

AU - Ichiyanagi, Mitsuhisa

AU - Sato, Yohei

AU - Hishida, Koichi

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N2 - Measurements of electrophoretic and electroosmotic velocities were performed by using micron-resolution particle image velocimetry (micro-PIV) and submicron fluorescent particles. Electrophoretic velocity of particles was obtained by micro-PIV measurement in a closed cell, while electroosmotic velocity of buffer solution in a microchannel was calculated by subtracting electrophoretic verocity from observed velocity measured by micro-PIV. Both zeta-potential of particles and microchannel wall were obtained by using electrophoretic and electroosmotic velocities, respectively, which are increased with increasing pH of buffer solution, due to deprotonation. Transient process of zeta-potential at the wall surface in a T-shaped microchannel was detected by spatially-averaged electroosmotic velocities.

AB - Measurements of electrophoretic and electroosmotic velocities were performed by using micron-resolution particle image velocimetry (micro-PIV) and submicron fluorescent particles. Electrophoretic velocity of particles was obtained by micro-PIV measurement in a closed cell, while electroosmotic velocity of buffer solution in a microchannel was calculated by subtracting electrophoretic verocity from observed velocity measured by micro-PIV. Both zeta-potential of particles and microchannel wall were obtained by using electrophoretic and electroosmotic velocities, respectively, which are increased with increasing pH of buffer solution, due to deprotonation. Transient process of zeta-potential at the wall surface in a T-shaped microchannel was detected by spatially-averaged electroosmotic velocities.

KW - Deprotonation

KW - Electroosmotic Flow

KW - Electrophoresis

KW - Micro-PIV

KW - Submicron Fluorescent Particles

KW - Zeta-Potential

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