Evaluation of ischemic heart disease on a 1.5 tesla scanner: Combined first-pass perfusion and viability study

Shigeo Okuda, Akihiro Tanimoto, Toru Satoh, Jun Hashimoto, Hiroshi Shinmoto, Nobuya Higuchi, Atsushi Nozaki, Sachio Kuribayashi

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: We implemented a fast gradient echo (GRE) sequence with an echo-planar imaging (EPI) read-out (FGRE-ET) to conduct myocardial perfusion studies on a conventional scanner. The accuracy of combined perfusion and viability studies is evaluated in comparison with coronary angiography (CAG). Materials and Methods: We enrolled 33 patients suspected of having coronary artery disease in this study. Short-axis perfusion images of the left ventricles were acquired following intravenous bolus injection of gadolinium-DTPA (0.05 mml/kg), both after myocardial loading by dipyridamole (0.56 mg/kg) and at rest. Viability studies were obtained using an inversion-recovery FGRE sequence. Radiologists performed blinded film readings. The findings with perfusion and the viability studies were compared with CAG on a segment-to-segment basis corresponding to the coronary arteries' territories. Stenosis equal to or greater than 75% in diameter was considered significant on CAG. The results were also compared with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in 23 patients. Results: The combination of perfusion and viability studies showed 85.7% sensitivity, 88.9% specificity, and 87.2% accuracy in comparison with CAG. SPECT revealed respective rates of 71.7%, 78.3%, and 73.9% in 23 patients of this group. Conclusion: Myocardial perfusion studies using FGRE-ET were feasible and accurate, even on a conventional scanner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-235
Number of pages6
JournalRadiation Medicine - Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Volume23
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jun 1

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Keywords

  • Ischemia
  • Magnetic resonance
  • Myocardium
  • Perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Oncology

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