Evaluation of optimum adaptive antenna array beam forming configuration considering diversity effect in W-CDMA forward link

Satoru Fukumoto, Taisuke Ihara, Mamoru Sawahashi, Iwao Sasase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates the optimum adaptive antenna array beam forming (AAA-BF) configuration considering the diversity effect provided by transmit diversity (TD) in a multipath fading channel in the W-CDMA forward link. Computer simulation results show that the required transmit signal energy per bit-to-background noise power spectrum density ratio (E b/N 0) at the average block error rate (BLER) of 10 -2 using AAA-BF coupled with TD is decreased by approximately 1.0 dB compared to that of AAA-BF assuming the identical number of total antennas when the capacity, i.e., the number of simultaneously accommodated users with the transmission power proportional to the symbol rate, normalized by processing gain, Pg, is below approximately 20%. However, we find that in an interference-limited channel, when the capacity normalized by Pg is above approximately 30%, AAA-BF employing all antennas accommodates a larger capacity compared to AAA-BF coupled with TD because of a sufficient interference suppression effect due to a much narrower beam width despite the absence of the antenna diversity effect. This paper also elucidates in a multi-cell model that AAA-BF employing all antennas can accommodate approximately 1.5 times more users with the average BLER of 10 -2 and with the outage probability of 5%, compared to the case with AAA-BF coupled with TD, when the total number of antennas is 8.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1594-1603
Number of pages10
JournalIEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
VolumeE85-A
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jul

Fingerprint

WCDMA
Smart antennas
Antenna Arrays
Beamforming
Code division multiple access
Transmit Diversity
Antenna
Configuration
Evaluation
Antennas
Error Rate
Interference Suppression
Interference suppression
Multipath fading
Outage Probability
Multipath
Fading Channels
Power spectrum
Power transmission
Power Spectrum

Keywords

  • Adaptive antenna array beam forming
  • Fast transmission power control
  • Mobile radio
  • Transmit diversity
  • W-CDMA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Information Systems

Cite this

Evaluation of optimum adaptive antenna array beam forming configuration considering diversity effect in W-CDMA forward link. / Fukumoto, Satoru; Ihara, Taisuke; Sawahashi, Mamoru; Sasase, Iwao.

In: IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences, Vol. E85-A, No. 7, 07.2002, p. 1594-1603.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9acc32a8e63e4ed9b408c7cb65101b49,
title = "Evaluation of optimum adaptive antenna array beam forming configuration considering diversity effect in W-CDMA forward link",
abstract = "This paper investigates the optimum adaptive antenna array beam forming (AAA-BF) configuration considering the diversity effect provided by transmit diversity (TD) in a multipath fading channel in the W-CDMA forward link. Computer simulation results show that the required transmit signal energy per bit-to-background noise power spectrum density ratio (E b/N 0) at the average block error rate (BLER) of 10 -2 using AAA-BF coupled with TD is decreased by approximately 1.0 dB compared to that of AAA-BF assuming the identical number of total antennas when the capacity, i.e., the number of simultaneously accommodated users with the transmission power proportional to the symbol rate, normalized by processing gain, Pg, is below approximately 20{\%}. However, we find that in an interference-limited channel, when the capacity normalized by Pg is above approximately 30{\%}, AAA-BF employing all antennas accommodates a larger capacity compared to AAA-BF coupled with TD because of a sufficient interference suppression effect due to a much narrower beam width despite the absence of the antenna diversity effect. This paper also elucidates in a multi-cell model that AAA-BF employing all antennas can accommodate approximately 1.5 times more users with the average BLER of 10 -2 and with the outage probability of 5{\%}, compared to the case with AAA-BF coupled with TD, when the total number of antennas is 8.",
keywords = "Adaptive antenna array beam forming, Fast transmission power control, Mobile radio, Transmit diversity, W-CDMA",
author = "Satoru Fukumoto and Taisuke Ihara and Mamoru Sawahashi and Iwao Sasase",
year = "2002",
month = "7",
language = "English",
volume = "E85-A",
pages = "1594--1603",
journal = "IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences",
issn = "0916-8508",
publisher = "Maruzen Co., Ltd/Maruzen Kabushikikaisha",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of optimum adaptive antenna array beam forming configuration considering diversity effect in W-CDMA forward link

AU - Fukumoto, Satoru

AU - Ihara, Taisuke

AU - Sawahashi, Mamoru

AU - Sasase, Iwao

PY - 2002/7

Y1 - 2002/7

N2 - This paper investigates the optimum adaptive antenna array beam forming (AAA-BF) configuration considering the diversity effect provided by transmit diversity (TD) in a multipath fading channel in the W-CDMA forward link. Computer simulation results show that the required transmit signal energy per bit-to-background noise power spectrum density ratio (E b/N 0) at the average block error rate (BLER) of 10 -2 using AAA-BF coupled with TD is decreased by approximately 1.0 dB compared to that of AAA-BF assuming the identical number of total antennas when the capacity, i.e., the number of simultaneously accommodated users with the transmission power proportional to the symbol rate, normalized by processing gain, Pg, is below approximately 20%. However, we find that in an interference-limited channel, when the capacity normalized by Pg is above approximately 30%, AAA-BF employing all antennas accommodates a larger capacity compared to AAA-BF coupled with TD because of a sufficient interference suppression effect due to a much narrower beam width despite the absence of the antenna diversity effect. This paper also elucidates in a multi-cell model that AAA-BF employing all antennas can accommodate approximately 1.5 times more users with the average BLER of 10 -2 and with the outage probability of 5%, compared to the case with AAA-BF coupled with TD, when the total number of antennas is 8.

AB - This paper investigates the optimum adaptive antenna array beam forming (AAA-BF) configuration considering the diversity effect provided by transmit diversity (TD) in a multipath fading channel in the W-CDMA forward link. Computer simulation results show that the required transmit signal energy per bit-to-background noise power spectrum density ratio (E b/N 0) at the average block error rate (BLER) of 10 -2 using AAA-BF coupled with TD is decreased by approximately 1.0 dB compared to that of AAA-BF assuming the identical number of total antennas when the capacity, i.e., the number of simultaneously accommodated users with the transmission power proportional to the symbol rate, normalized by processing gain, Pg, is below approximately 20%. However, we find that in an interference-limited channel, when the capacity normalized by Pg is above approximately 30%, AAA-BF employing all antennas accommodates a larger capacity compared to AAA-BF coupled with TD because of a sufficient interference suppression effect due to a much narrower beam width despite the absence of the antenna diversity effect. This paper also elucidates in a multi-cell model that AAA-BF employing all antennas can accommodate approximately 1.5 times more users with the average BLER of 10 -2 and with the outage probability of 5%, compared to the case with AAA-BF coupled with TD, when the total number of antennas is 8.

KW - Adaptive antenna array beam forming

KW - Fast transmission power control

KW - Mobile radio

KW - Transmit diversity

KW - W-CDMA

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036630488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036630488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0036630488

VL - E85-A

SP - 1594

EP - 1603

JO - IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences

JF - IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences

SN - 0916-8508

IS - 7

ER -