Evaluation of serodiagnosis of toxoplasmosis by using the recombinant nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase isoforms expressed in Escherichia coli

Kyoko Nakajima-Nakano, Asao Makioka, Naoya Yamashita, Nobutake Matsuo, Takashi Asai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase (NTPase) isoforms termed, NTPase-I and NTPase-II of Toxoplasma gondii, were expressed in Escherichia coli as inclusion bodies and purified under denaturing condition. Furthermore, NTPase-I was refolded as an active form and purified under non-denaturing condition. The purified NTPase isoforms, both denatured and refolded, were tested for their usefulness as antigens for the serodiagnosis of acute toxoplasmosis in immunocompetent humans. The test was conducted by using the recombinant NTPase isoforms and comparing the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) absorbances with the Sabin-Feldman dye test titer. Seventy-three sera from dye test-positive patients, and 30 sera from subjects with no T. gondii infection were examined. The total positive rates in dye test positive sera were: 82% (60/73) for denatured NTPase-I; 78% (57/73) for denatured NTPase-II; and 63% (46/73) for refolded NTPase-I. For all three antigen types of recombinant NTPase, the positive rates of sera of acute toxoplasmosis suspected patients were 93% (13/14). A moderate correlation between the ELISA absorbance using these antigens and the dye test titer was observed with the correlation coefficients, 0.583 (r2) for denatured NTPase-I, 0.472 (r2) for denatured NTPase-II, and 0.604 (r2) for refolded NTPase-I in the linear regression analysis. There was no significant difference observed in the antigenicity between refolded and denatured NTPase-I, nor between the isoforms. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-222
Number of pages8
JournalParasitology International
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Dye test
  • NTPase
  • Recombinant antigen
  • Serodiagnosis
  • Toxoplasma gondii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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