Evaluation of small (≤ 3 cm) renal masses with MDCT: Benefits of thin overlapping reconstructions

Masahiro Jinzaki, Jeffrey D. McTavish, Kelly H. Zou, Philip F. Judy, Stuart G. Silverman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE. Our purpose was to determine whether thin overlapping reconstructions using MDCT improve the detection and characterization of small renal masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Thirty-seven patients were scanned with MDCT using 2.5-mm collimation. Nephrographic phase data were reconstructed in two ways: a standard protocol (5-mm section thickness, no overlap) and an experimental protocol (3-mm section thickness, 50% overlap). Masses were detected and classified into three groups: group 1, measuring less than 20 H on both protocols (classified as cysts on both); group 2, measuring 20 H or greater on standard protocol and less than 20 H on experimental protocol (classified as cysts using experimental protocol only); and group 3, measuring 20 H or greater on both protocols (not classified as cysts using either protocol). Masses 10 mm or larger in group 3 were evaluated further for enhancement. Statistically significant differences between protocols were assessed using an analysis of counts and proportions. RESULTS. Of 175 detected lesions, 29 (17%) were detected only with the experimental protocol; all but one were smaller than 5 mm. Using the experimental protocol, of 45 masses between 5 and 10 mm, the number of masses that could be characterized as cysts increased from 13 (29%) to 38 (84%). The overall number of indeterminate lesions was reduced from 101 (69%) of 146 lesions detected with the standard protocol to 86 (53%) of 161 lesions detected with the experimental protocol. CONCLUSION. Using MDCT and thin overlapping reconstructions, renal cysts as small as 5 mm can be diagnosed with more confidence than is possible with standard reconstructions, and the overall number of indeterminate renal masses is reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-228
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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