Evaluation of the effective potential barrier height in nonlinear magnetization dynamics excited by ac magnetic field

Genki Okano, Yukio Nozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An alternating current (ac) magnetic field or spin current can reduce the switching field of a ferromagnet through resonance excitation of a large-angle precession of magnetization. The nonlinear magnetization dynamics of this switching scheme completely differ from the general ferromagnetic resonance phenomenon, which is linearly excited by a small ac magnetic field. To understand these dynamics, it is necessary to evaluate the effective potential barrier height for switching, ΔUeff. However, most previous studies have measured the consequent precession angle in the nonlinear dynamics by magneto-optical methods and/or by applying a magneto-resistive effect. Here, we applied the cooperative switching method, which evaluates the ΔUeff of the nonlinear dynamics under a sub-ns-wide magnetic field impulse, and observed a nontrivial reduction of ΔUeff in a submicron-wide NiFe strip. The strong reduction of ΔUeff under a negative magnetic field was caused by a saddle-node bifurcation in the nonlinear dynamics. In a micromagnetics simulation, we also confirmed that the magnetization is nonuniformly excited at the shallowest ΔUeff.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014435
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 26

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Magnetization
alternating current
Magnetic fields
magnetization
evaluation
magnetic fields
precession
Ferromagnetic resonance
saddles
ferromagnetic resonance
impulses
strip
optics
excitation
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Evaluation of the effective potential barrier height in nonlinear magnetization dynamics excited by ac magnetic field. / Okano, Genki; Nozaki, Yukio.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 97, No. 1, 014435, 26.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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