Background: Renal transplantation improves the quality of life (QOL) of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with renal failure. However, it remains unclear which renal disease-specific QOL aspects determine general health-related QOL of ESRD patients. This study aimed to identify these QOL items by examining the QOL of ESRD patients using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form (KDQOL-SF), version 1.3, and EuroQoL-5 dimension-5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaires. Methods: We conducted QOL surveys with 67 renal transplant recipients at our hospital. EQ-5D-5L, which evaluates general health-related QOL, was the response variable, and KDQOL-SF, which includes the renal disease-specific instrument and general health-related QOL SF-36 instrument, was the explanatory variable. We analyzed the effects of each KDQOL-SF domain on EQ-5D-5L using Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Regarding the general health-related QOL assessed by SF-36, physical health aspects, such as physical functioning (R = 0.749) and daily functioning physical (R = 0.603), showed a strong correlation with EQ-5D-5L, and the domains related to the psychological and social aspects of QOL showed a limited correlation. Regarding kidney disease-specific scales, symptoms/problems related to physical function showed a good correlation (R = 0.691) with EQ-5D-5L, whereas other scales, including burden of kidney disease (R = 0.168), quality of social interaction (R = 0.284), and those related to the mental and social aspects of QOL showed a low correlation with EQ-5D-5L. Conclusion: Among kidney transplant recipients, the physical health aspects of QOL, such as symptoms/problems, were the major factors influencing overall QOL as assessed by EQ-5D-5L.
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2020|
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