We conducted a study of meropenem(MEPM) in a total of 29 children with various infections (moderate to severe pneumonia in 25, upper respiratory infection in 3, and urinary tract infection in 1) to demonstrate the efficacy and safety and assess the relationship between the time above the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) (T > MIC), calculated based on the pharmacokinetic simulation analysis using blood concentration data from subjects, and the clinical response. In accordance with the package insert in Japan, MEPM was administered at a dose of 20 mg/kg three times daily, the highest dose in the usual dosage range. Each dose was administered by infusion over 30 minutes. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of MEPM were less than 0.5 μg/mL for all 26 strains isolated from the patients, showing that these causative bacteria were highly susceptible to the drug. The clinical response was judged to be excellent in all patients treated with MEPM, irrespective of the target disease, severity, or presence or absence of previous antimicrobial therapy. No drug-related or -unrelated adverse event was reported during or after MEPM therapy. In general, the observed serum concentrations of MEPM were within the 95% prediction interval based on the population pharmacokinetic(PPK) model established using data from clinical trials, showing a good correlation. On the basis of the simulation of blood concentrations in individual subjects determined using Bayesian estimation, T > MIC of MEPM was calculated from the MIC values for the 26 isolates in the present study. For all strains, the T > MIC was higher than 40%, an amount that is associated with the maximal bactericidal activity of carbapenems. Supporting a previous report on the efficacy of MEPM based on a pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics(PK- PD) simulation analysis, the current study showed that the T > MIC of MEPM may serve as a predictor of the clinical response.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 May 1|
- Clinical effect
- Time above MIC
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)