Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a cell surface glycoconjugate of gram-positive bacteria and is reported to activate the innate immune system. We previously reported that purified LTA obtained from Enterococcus hirae has no immunostimulating activity, but a subfraction (Eh-AF) in an LTA fraction possesses activity. In this study, we established a mouse monoclonal antibody neutralizing the activity of Eh-AF and investigated its inhibitory effects. Monoclonal antibody (MAbEh1) was established by the immunization of BALB/c mice with Eh-AF, followed by hybridoma screening based on its inhibitory effect for the production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) induced by Eh-AF. MAbEh1 neutralized the production of IL-6 by LTA fraction from not only E. hirae but also Staphylococcus aureus, while it failed to block that of lipopolysaccharide, suggesting that the antibody recognized a common active structure(s) in LTA fractions. Synthetic glycolipids in these LTAs did not induce cytokine production, at least in our system. Interestingly, the antibody was found to inhibit the activity of immunostimulating synthetic lipopeptides, Pam 3CSK4 and FSL-1. These results suggest that MAbEh1 neutralizes the activity of lipoprotein-like compounds which is responsible for the activity of the LTA fraction of E. hirae and S. aureus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases