Excessive correction impacts postoperative shoulder imbalance in lenke type 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Eijiro Okada, Teppei Suzuki, Satoru Demura, Toshiki Saito, Ayato Nohara, Taichi Tsuji, Koki Uno, Noriaki Kawakami, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI) has a negative impact on the surgical outcomes of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors of PSI in patients with Lenke type 5C curves. Methods: This study included 100 patients who underwent posterior correction surgery using pedicle screw constructs for Lenke type 5C curves. The mean age of the patients at surgery was 15.5 ± 2.3 years, and the mean follow-up period was 36.6 ± 15.0 months. The subjects were classified into the following two groups: PSI and non-PSI. Radiographic parameters, including the preoperative and 2-year postoperative coronal and sagittal profiles, were compared between the two groups. Result: PSI was found in eight patients (8.0%). The preoperative Cobb angles were 47.3° ± 8.7° and 48.0° ± 3.9° in the non-PSI and PSI groups, respectively. The correction rate in the PSI group was significantly higher than that in the non-PSI group (81.0% ± 17.7% vs. 67.7% ± 14.7%; p = 0.018). The preoperative T1 tilt angle in the PSI group was significantly larger than that in the non-PSI group (6.1° ± 3.3° vs. 3.1° ± 2.8°; p = 0.005). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve was 0.769 (p = 0.012, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.556–0.982) and 0.763 (p = 0.014, 95% CI, 0.598–0.928) for the correction rate and preoperative T1 tilt, respectively. The cut-off value was 73% and 4° for the correction rate and preoperative T1, respectively. Conclusion: PSI was found in 8.0% of Lenke type 5C curves. Excessive correction of the lumbar curve of >73% and preoperative T1 tilt of >4° can be risk factors for PSI in patients with Lenke type 5C curve.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-762
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Science
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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