The geometric and electronic structures of aluminum binary clusters, AlnX (X = Si and P), have been investigated, using mass spectrometry, anion photoelectron spectroscopy, photoionization spectroscopy, and theoretical calculations. Both experimental and theoretical results show that Al 12Si has a high ionization energy and low electron affinity and Al12P has a low ionization energy, both with the icosahedral structure having a central Si or P atom, revealing that Al12Si and Al12P exhibit rare-gas-like and alkali superatoms, respectively. Experiments confirmed the possibility that the change in the total number of valence electrons on substitution could produce ionically bound binary superatom complexes, the binary cluster salts Al12P+F- and Al12B-Cs+.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry