Experimental Clarification on Detonation Phenomena of Liquid Ethanol Rotating Detonation Combustor

Kentaro Yoneyama, Kazuki Ishihara, Shiro Ito, Hiroaki Watanabe, Noboru Itouyama, Akira Kawasaki, Ken Matsuoka, Jiro Kasahara, Akiko Matsuo, Ikkoh Funaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Rotating detonation combustion was successfully tested for liquid ethanol and gaseous oxygen heterogeneous mixture in a cylindrical combustor for the first time. The rotating detonation combustor (RDC) we operated has a diameter of 20 mm and variable lengths of 60, 210 mm. Pure ethanol and industrial ethanol were selected as liquid fuels. Under the conditions of ethanol and oxygen mass flow rate of 26-40 g/s, equivalence ratio of 0.4-1.7, and backpressure of 10-17 kPa, we confirmed detonation combustion and deflagration combustion. In detonation combustion, as the ethanol manifold supply temperature increases, the detonation propagation speeds, and luminance of combustion were enhanced. It is possible to say enhanced evaporation behavior resulted in stable detonation and showed high peaks in luminance value. Utilizing the control surface method to evaluate experimental thrust, estimated thrust showed good agreement with experimental thrust. For liquid-fueled cylindrical RDCs, the control surface methods can also be used to evaluate thrust.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA SciTech Forum 2022
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624106316
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventAIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, AIAA SciTech Forum 2022 - San Diego, United States
Duration: 2022 Jan 32022 Jan 7

Publication series

NameAIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, AIAA SciTech Forum 2022

Conference

ConferenceAIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, AIAA SciTech Forum 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period22/1/322/1/7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering

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