Experimental demonstration for the morphological evolution of crystals grown in gel media

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157 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The morphological evolution of the inorganic crystals (Ba(NO 3)2, NH4Cl, H3BO3, and K2Cr2O7) was demonstrated in various kinds of organic gel media (agar, gelatin, pectin, and poly (vinyl alcohol)). As the gel density increased, the morphology grown in the gel matrix remarkably changed from polyhedral single crystals exhibiting specifc habits into dendritic forms consisting of irregularly branched polycrystalline aggregates regardless of the sorts of inorganic compounds and gelling agents. The evolution from polyhedrons into dendrites via skeletal forms is ascribed to an increase in the influence of diffusion of the solutes on the crystal growth. Since gel media generally suppress the mobility of ions, densification of the media decreased the apparent diffusion rate of the solutes and finally promoted the formation of diffusion-limited morphologies including skeletal, dendritic, and branched forms. Peculiar curved and helical branches were observed in dendrites with crystals having a triclinic system (H3BO3 and K 2Cr2O7) because the connections of subunits were deviated in the polycrystalline aggregates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-716
Number of pages6
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Sep

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Demonstrations
Gels
gels
Crystals
dendrites
crystals
solutes
Potassium Dichromate
Inorganic compounds
inorganic compounds
habits
gelatins
Gelatin
densification
Crystallization
polyhedrons
Densification
Crystal growth
Agar
crystal growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Experimental demonstration for the morphological evolution of crystals grown in gel media. / Oaki, Yuya; Imai, Hiroaki.

In: Crystal Growth and Design, Vol. 3, No. 5, 09.2003, p. 711-716.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The morphological evolution of the inorganic crystals (Ba(NO 3)2, NH4Cl, H3BO3, and K2Cr2O7) was demonstrated in various kinds of organic gel media (agar, gelatin, pectin, and poly (vinyl alcohol)). As the gel density increased, the morphology grown in the gel matrix remarkably changed from polyhedral single crystals exhibiting specifc habits into dendritic forms consisting of irregularly branched polycrystalline aggregates regardless of the sorts of inorganic compounds and gelling agents. The evolution from polyhedrons into dendrites via skeletal forms is ascribed to an increase in the influence of diffusion of the solutes on the crystal growth. Since gel media generally suppress the mobility of ions, densification of the media decreased the apparent diffusion rate of the solutes and finally promoted the formation of diffusion-limited morphologies including skeletal, dendritic, and branched forms. Peculiar curved and helical branches were observed in dendrites with crystals having a triclinic system (H3BO3 and K 2Cr2O7) because the connections of subunits were deviated in the polycrystalline aggregates.

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