Experimental determination of the thermal diffusivity of molten alkali halides by the forced Rayleigh scattering method. I. Molten LiCl, NaCl, KCl, RbCl, and CsCl

Yuji Nagasaka, N. Nakazawa, A. Nagashima

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Abstract

As a series of experimental determinations of the thermal diffusivity of molten alkali halides, this paper describes measurements on five molten alkali metal chlorides (LiCl, NaCl, KCl, RbCl, and CsCl) in the temperature range up to 1440 K by the forced Rayleigh scattering method. K2Cr2O7 is employed as a dye substance to color the transparent molten salts. The accuracy is estimated to be ± 4 to ±11 % depending on the measured salts. In comparison with the present results converted into thermal conductivity, most of the previous experimental data obtained by steady-state methods show larger values, up to about five times, which may be due to the systematic error caused by the presence of convection and radiation. It is found that the thermal conductivity of these series of molten alkali metal chlorides decreases with increasing molecular weight, and their temperature coefficients are weakly negative.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-574
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Thermophysics
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jul

Fingerprint

Alkali halides
Rayleigh scattering
Thermal diffusivity
thermal diffusivity
alkali halides
alkali metals
Molten materials
thermal conductivity
chlorides
Alkali Metals
molten salts
Alkali metals
systematic errors
Chlorides
molecular weight
Thermal conductivity
convection
Salts
dyes
Potassium Dichromate

Keywords

  • alkali halides
  • forced Rayleigh scattering method
  • molten salts
  • thermal conductivity
  • thermal diffusivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

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abstract = "As a series of experimental determinations of the thermal diffusivity of molten alkali halides, this paper describes measurements on five molten alkali metal chlorides (LiCl, NaCl, KCl, RbCl, and CsCl) in the temperature range up to 1440 K by the forced Rayleigh scattering method. K2Cr2O7 is employed as a dye substance to color the transparent molten salts. The accuracy is estimated to be ± 4 to ±11 {\%} depending on the measured salts. In comparison with the present results converted into thermal conductivity, most of the previous experimental data obtained by steady-state methods show larger values, up to about five times, which may be due to the systematic error caused by the presence of convection and radiation. It is found that the thermal conductivity of these series of molten alkali metal chlorides decreases with increasing molecular weight, and their temperature coefficients are weakly negative.",
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AU - Nakazawa, N.

AU - Nagashima, A.

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N2 - As a series of experimental determinations of the thermal diffusivity of molten alkali halides, this paper describes measurements on five molten alkali metal chlorides (LiCl, NaCl, KCl, RbCl, and CsCl) in the temperature range up to 1440 K by the forced Rayleigh scattering method. K2Cr2O7 is employed as a dye substance to color the transparent molten salts. The accuracy is estimated to be ± 4 to ±11 % depending on the measured salts. In comparison with the present results converted into thermal conductivity, most of the previous experimental data obtained by steady-state methods show larger values, up to about five times, which may be due to the systematic error caused by the presence of convection and radiation. It is found that the thermal conductivity of these series of molten alkali metal chlorides decreases with increasing molecular weight, and their temperature coefficients are weakly negative.

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