We have determined silicon self-diffusivity at temperatures 735-875°C based on the Raman shift of longitudinal optical phonon frequencies of diffusion annealed Si28/Si30 isotope superlattices. The activation enthalpy of 3.6 eV is obtained in such low temperature diffusion annealing. This value is significantly smaller than the previously reported 4.95 eV of the self-interstitial mechanism dominating the high temperature region T 855°C and is in good agreement with the theoretical prediction for the vacancy-mediated diffusion. We present a model, containing both the self-interstitial and the vacancy terms, that quantitatively describes the experimentally obtained self-diffusivity between 735 and 1388°C, with the clear crossover of the two diffusion mechanisms occurring around 900°C.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)