Objective: To investigate whether matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and/or aggrecanase in synovial fluid can be used as biochemical markers in the diagnosis of internal derangement (ID) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Study design: Forty-four samples of synovial fluid were obtained from 35 patients with ID and osteoarthritis (OA) and 15 normal samples from 10 asymptomatic volunteers. MMP-2, -9, and aggrecanase in the synovial fluid were examined by immunoblotting. Results: The incidences of MMP-2, -9, and aggrecanase expression in the ID and OA group were significantly higher than those in the normal group (P < .05). Those with anterior disc displacement without reduction and severe OA showed significantly high expression of MMP-9 compared with other disease subgroups (P < .05). Conversely, comparatively high expression of MMP-2 and aggrecanase was shown in the early-stage OA group. However, there was no significant difference in expression of MMP-2 and aggrecanase among disease subgroups. Conclusions: These findings suggested that expression of aggrecanase could be a potential biochemical marker for articular cartilage degradation in ID of the TMJ.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Jul|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery