Extracellular Matrix Constituents and Pigment Cell Expression in Primary Cell Culture

TOSHIHIKO FUKUZAWA, STEPHANIE J. HAMER, JOSEPH T. BAGNARA

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Abstract

Three types of pigment cells were isolated and cultured from larval Rana pipiens, and their attachment, maintenance, and proliferation were examined in the presence of extra‐cellular matrix constituents (ECMs) in primary cell culture. The initial profile of pigment cell types present on day 2 of culture reflects the relative attachment of the cells to the dishes. Changes in the numbers of cells present after day 2 reflects the influence of factors present in the culture media on the maintenance, proliferation, or detachment of each type of pigment cell. Fetal bovine serum (FBS) promoted melanophore expression, but inhibited iridophore expression. FBS had no effect on xanthophores. In contrast, ventral skin conditioned medium (VCM), which contains melanization inhibiting factor, strongly stimulated iridophore expression, while it markedly inhibited melanophore expression. VCM had little effect on xanthophores. Of the ECMs tested, collagen type I had no effect on pigment cells. Fibronectin slightly inhibited melanophore expression, while it moderately stimulated iridophores and xanthophores. The stimulatory effect of fibronectin was not as strong as that of FBS or VCM. Laminin was also tested; however, it did not allow pigment cells to attach to the dishes, at least under the culture conditions utilized. The results of these experiments are discussed in terms of the general mechanisms of pigment pattern formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-229
Number of pages6
JournalPigment Cell Research
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Nov
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science
  • Developmental Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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