Fabrication of bismuth silicate Bi2SiO5 ceramics as a potential high-temperature dielectric material

Kengo Sakamoto, Manabu Hagiwara, Hiroki Taniguchi, Shinobu Fujihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Bismuth silicate Bi2SiO5 (BSO) is known as an interesting new type of ferroelectric oxide; however, bulk ceramics of BSO have never been obtained because it easily decomposes at high temperature. In this study, we fabricated BSO ceramics for the first time using a sol–gel technique and investigated their potential as a dielectric material for high-temperature capacitor applications. A precursor powder was prepared by a sol–gel synthesis route using tetraethyl orthosilicate and bismuth nitrate pentahydrate as raw materials and then sintered under a small uniaxial pressure of 5 MPa with an addition of CH3COOLi as a sintering aid. A BSO ceramic with the highest relative density of 88.5% was obtained at a very low sintering temperature of 620 °C with preventing significant thermal decomposition. A crystal structure analysis revealed that the obtained BSO ceramic belongs to the ferroelectric monoclinic phase. The dielectric permittivity of the ceramic showed a superior temperature stability (± 5%) at temperatures up to 200 °C, followed by a sharp peak attributed to the ferroelectric–paraelectric phase transition at around 390 °C. The BSO ceramic also showed slim and pinched polarization hysteresis loops due to the random grain orientation and domain wall clamping, leading to a high energy storage efficiency over 75% at temperatures up to 100 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8415-8426
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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