Fabrication of meso- and macro-porous Y2WO6:Eu3+ phosphor thin films by Pechini-type sol–gel dip-coating method and their characteristic optical properties

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Meso- and macro-porous Y2WO6:Eu3+ phosphor thin films were fabricated on silica glass substrates by a Pechini-type sol–gel dip-coating method. Precursor solutions for coating were prepared by mixing aqueous solutions of metal salts, ethylene glycol, and citric acid with water–alcohol solutions of a nonionic triblock copolymer (P-123) employed as a structure-directing agent. The kind of the alcohol solvents (methanol, ethanol, or isopropanol) and the amount of ethylene glycol were systematically examined because they were found to be major factors that could influence the shape and size of pores formed in the resulting thin films. The transmittance for the visible light was decreased in the thin films having macropores due to the light scattering. The red photoluminescence of the Eu3+ ions could be enhanced in these macro-porous thin films, especially from their surface, by a synergetic effect of increased multiple scattering and suppressed internal reflection of the emission light. The relationship between the microstructure and the optical properties of the porous Y2WO6:Eu3+ thin films was then discussed based on the experimental results. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-243
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov


  • Nonionic triblock copolymer
  • Pechini-type sol–gel method
  • Phosphors
  • Photoluminescence
  • Porous thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomaterials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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