Fabrication of metal microstructures in elastic hydrogel by multiphoton photoreduction

Mitsuhiro Terakawa, Manan Machida, Hiroaki Onoe, Takuro Niidome, Alexander Heisterkamp

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Soft materials, including elastic polymers and hydrogels, are promising materials for soft robots, implantable devices, and wearable devices owing to their flexibility and biocompatibility. In recent years, the scope of use of such soft materials is expanding further because of their integration with metal micro- and nanostructures, which exhibit attractive optical and electrical properties. In this study, we demonstrate the formation of metal microstructures inside a hydrogel by photoreduction of metal ion by using femtosecond laser. Because the hydrogels have permeability to fluids, metal ions are able to be added by simply immersing the hydrogel into the metal ion solution. Femtosecond laser pulses were focused and scanned in the hydrogel to fabricate metal microstructures [1, 2]. The optical diffraction pattern obtained with the silver grating inside the hydrogel showed spaced diffraction spots, which indicated that a regular, periodic silver grating was formed. Notably, the distance between the diffraction spots changed when the water content in the hydrogel was reduced. The grating period decreased when the hydrogel shrank owing to the loss of water (Fig. 1(a)), but the straight shapes of the line structures were preserved, which demonstrated the optical tunability of the fabricated structure.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO_Europe_2019
PublisherOSA - The Optical Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781557528209
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventThe European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO_Europe_2019 - Munich, Germany
Duration: 2019 Jun 232019 Jun 27

Publication series

NameOptics InfoBase Conference Papers
VolumePart F140-CLEO_Europe 2019

Conference

ConferenceThe European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO_Europe_2019
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period19/6/2319/6/27

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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