Fabrication of ZnO films consisting of densely accumulated mesoporous nanosheets and their dye-sensitized solar cell performance

Keita Kakiuchi, Masaru Saito, Shinobu Fujihara

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68 Citations (Scopus)


Nanocrystalline and mesoporous ZnO films approximately 4 μm in thickness were fabricated through a simple chemical deposition of Zn4CO3(OH)6·H2O in an aqueous solution of zinc nitrate and urea and subsequent pyrolysis at a low temperature of 300 °C. Microscopic observation of the films revealed that they were composed of mesoporous nanosheets accumulating with submicrometer-order spacing between them on conducting glass substrates. Adsorption of N-719 dye onto the ZnO surface, for application to dye-sensitized solar cells, led to dye-loading of 1.1 × 10- 7 mol/cm2 in spite of the relatively small thickness. The resultant ZnO/N-719 photoanode exhibited a short-circuit photocurrent density of 13.8 mA/cm2, which is of the highest level ever reported for ZnO. An overall light-to-electricity conversion efficiency of 3.3% was achieved under 1 sun AM1.5 illumination without any optimization in view of the other cell components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2026-2030
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 29



  • Nanostructures
  • Pyrolysis
  • Solar cells
  • Zinc oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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