Facial artery in the upper lip and nose

Anatomy and a clinical application

Hideo Nakajima, Nobuaki Imanishi, Sadakazu Aiso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Twenty-five facial arteries were examined radiographically in 19 fresh cadavers that had been injected systemically with a lead oxide-gelatin mixture. Major branches of the facial artery in the upper lip and nose were investigated, and the anatomical variations were classified into three types on the basis of the anatomy of the lateral nasal artery which was determined as an artery, running toward the alar base. In 22 cases (88 percent), the facial artery bifurcated into the lateral nasal artery and superior labial artery at the angle of the mouth. In two cases (8 percent), the facial artery became an angular artery after branching off into the superior labial artery and the lateral nasal artery sequentially. In one case (4 percent), the facial artery became an angular artery after branching off into the superior labial artery, and the lateral nasal artery then branched off from the superior labial artery. Branches from the lateral nasal and superior labial arteries were observed stereographically. Vascular anastomoses between those branches were created in the upper lip, columella base, and nasal tip, and an intimate vascular network was formed. With a vascular network in the mucosa of the upper lip, a bilobed upper-lip flap was created for a clinical case with a full-thickness defect of the ala.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)855-861
Number of pages7
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume109
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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Lip
Nose
Anatomy
Arteries
Blood Vessels
Gelatin
Cadaver
Mouth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Facial artery in the upper lip and nose : Anatomy and a clinical application. / Nakajima, Hideo; Imanishi, Nobuaki; Aiso, Sadakazu.

In: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vol. 109, No. 3, 2002, p. 855-861.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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